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Belajar Grammar || Simple Past

Halo sahabat Kebuncerita, apa kabar hari ini? Hari ini, kita akan belajar grammar Bahasa Inggris. Materi yang akan kita pelajari adalah Simple Past. Materi ini bisa kalian gunakan sebagai bahan belajar atau ajar tambahan. Jika materi belajar grammar Bahasa Inggris ini bermanfaat, silahkan kalian sebar luaskan. Jangan lupa untuk mencantumkan sumbernya ya.

Belajar Grammar Bahasa Inggris
Simple Past via


1.     Pengertian
Simple Past Tense digunakan untuk menyatakan kejadian yang terjadi dan berahir pada suatu waktu di waktu lampau.
Contoh Kalimat
a.     I went to the park yesterday.
b.     I bought a pack of bananas last week and it was cheap.
c.     I did not remember what he taught me last night.
d.     They were here two days ago.
e.     Andy did not hear when his parents called here last night.

2.     Struktur
Adapun struktur dari Simple Past Tense adalah sebagai berikut
a.     Kalimat Verbal
Untuk kalimat verbal, kalimat dengan kata kerja di dalamnya, maka struktur kalimatnya adalah sebagai berikut
Tipe Kalimat
Kalimat positif
Subject + V2
I ate the apple last night.
Kalimat negatif
Subject + did not + V1
I did not eat the apple last night.
Kalimat interogatif
Did + subject + V1?
Did you eat the apple last night?
Untuk kalimat verbal, kita harus mengunakan verb bentuk kedua. Dalam grammar Bahasa Inggris sendiri, verb atau kata kerja dibagi menjadi 4: Verb 1, V2, V3 dan V-ing.

b.     Kalimat Nominal
Kalimat nominal adalah kalimat tanpa verb di dalamnya. Dalam kalimat nominal, kita perlu menambahkan verb “to be”. Verb ‘to be” untuk simple past sendiri adalah ‘was’ dan ‘were’. Untuk penggunaan ‘was’ dan ‘were; perhatikan table di bawah ini
Tipe verb ‘to be’
Tipe Subjek
Singular subject: I, he, she, it, and singular subject.
He was here last night.
Doni was not at school yesterday.
Plural subject: you, they, we, and plural subject.
They were happy last night.
We were confused when they came.

Untuk sturktur kalimat nominal positif, negatif, dan interogatif adalah sebagai berikut
Tipe kalimat
Kalimat Positif
Subject + to be + adjective/noun/adverb
I was here last night.
The students were happy yesterday.
Kalimat Negatif
Subject + to be + not +   adjective/noun/adverb
I was not (wasn’t) here last night,
The students were not (weren’t) happy yesterday.
Kalimat Interogatif
To be + subject + adjective/noun/adverb?
Was he here last night?
Were the students happy last night?

3.     Pengetahuan Tambahan
Untuk menjawab pertanyaan dalam Simple Past yang diawali dengan ‘did’ dan ‘to be (was/were)’ maka kita hanya perlu menjawabnya dengan
ü  Yes, I did/ No, I did not (didn’t)
ü  Yes, I was/ yes, they were, etc
ü  No, I was not (wasn’t) / no, they were not (weren’t), etc
ü  Did you talk to them yesterday? Yes, I did/ No, I didn’t
ü  Were they angry in the last meeting? Yes, they were/ No, they weren’t

Baiklah sekian penjelasan mengenai Simple Past yang dapat kami sampaikan. Semoga materi belajar Bahasa Inggris ini dapat bermanfaat untuk kalian belajar tenses. Terimakasih dan sampai jumpa.


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