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Contoh Soal PMB STAN Bahasa Inggris 2017 dan Pembahasan (1)


Halo teman-teman, di postingan kali ini kebun cerita akan memberikan latihan soal Bahasa Inggris PMB (penerimaan mahasiswa baru) STAN tahun 2017 beserta pembahasannya. Soal Bahasa Inggris PMB STAN 2017 sendiri terbagi menjadi 3 bagian yaitu: written and structure expression, error recognition, dan reading comprehension. Dalam kesempatan kali ini kita akan membahas soal written and structure expression. Terdapat 30 soal untuk bagian ini, dan kita akan membahas 5 soal telebih dahulu. Klik tautan di bawah ini untuk pembahasan soal-soal lainnya.

Soal PMB STAN 2017 nomor 1-5
Soal PMB STAN 2017 nomor 6-10

Image result for STAN
retrieved from pendaftaranmahasiswa.web.id


1.    The…. accountant feels exhausted when he gets home.
a.     overwork
b.    overworks
c.     overworking
d.    overworked
Jawaban: D (overworked)

Pembahasan: Dalam Bahasa Inggris kita dapat membentuk kata sifat (adjective) dengan menambahkan -ed/-ing pada sebuah kata kerja. Kata sifat (adjective) ini disebut dengan participial adjective.
Dengan menambahkan -ing maka kata sifat tersebut memiliki makna aktif (me-) contoh: annoying (menjengkelkan), disgusting (menjijikan), dan interesting (menarik). Contoh kalimat: This is such an annoying music. People do not appreciate disgusting behaviours. She has an interesting plan for this project.
Dengan menambahkan -ed maka kata sifat tersebut memilik makna padif (di-, ke- atau ter-). Biasanya kata sifat yang menggunakan ahiran -ed digunakan untuk menyatakan perasaan atau keadaan. Contoh: annoyed (jengkel/ merasa jengkel), scared (takut/ merasa takut), disgusted (merasa jijik), dan interested (merasa tertarik).
Contoh kalimat:
The scared children were screaming when the clown walked into the build. (Anak-anak yang ketakutan/ merasa takut).
The overworked teachers need to be paid double. (Guru-guru yang merasa lelah).

2.    Mr. Clarke has… a big house that it takes a long time to paint the wall and decorate it.
a.     So
b.    Very
c.     Such
d.    Such as
Jawaban: C (Such)

Pembahasan: Dalam Bahasa Inggris kita mengenal correlative conjunction (so…that dan such… that)
Aturan:
So + adjective + that
Contoh kalimat: He was so naughty that his friend started to avoid him.

Such + noun + that
Contoh: He was such a naughty boy that his friend started to avoid him.
Dalam soa kita tahu bahwa setelah gap (titik-titik) terdapat kata ‘a big house) yang mana adalah noun. Maka, kita harus memilih ‘such’.

3.    Based on the research, as soon as a person…, he will immediately check their phone.
a.     will wake up
b.    wakes up
c.     wake up
d.    woke up
Jawaban: B (wakes up)

Pembahasan: As soon as dalam Bahasa Inggris adalah subordinating conjunction yang fungsinya menghubungkan dua kalimat. Adapun aturan tenses kalimat-kalimat yang dihubungan dengan ‘as soon as’ adalah sebagai berikut
as soon as + simple present + simple future
Contoh:
As soon as she calls me, I will let you know the problem.
As soon as the package arrives, I will call you to tell what is inside.

4.    No sooner… at the education fair, than the presentation from University of Harvard was over.
a.     had we come
b.    we had come
c.     did we come
d.    we come
Jawaban: A (had we come)

Pembahasan: Dalam Bahasa Inggris kita mengetahui sala satu bentuk conjunction ‘No sooner… than…’ Conjunction ini digunakan untuk menghubungkan dua kejadian yang hampir terjadi secara bersamaan.
Adapun rumus dari conjunction ini adalah : No sooner + had + s + V3 + than + S + V2
Contoh:
No sooner had I knocked the door, than I heard someone scream from inside the house.
No sooner had I switched the TV on, than my brother yelled at me.

5.    James Dawson, …, finally became vice president of the company in 1989.
a.     was an administration officer in 1972
b.    he was an administration officer in 1972
c.     an administration officer in 1972
d.    whose an administration officer in 1972
Jawaban: C (an administration officer in 1972)

Pembahasan: Dalam Bahasa Inggris kita mengenal adjective clause, yaitu clause yang dihubungkan dengan kata who, that, atau pun which.
Contoh kalimatnya:
The man who called me last night came here this morning.
The cat that stole my food was actually beautiful and cute.
Dalam Bahasa Inggris kita mengenal reduced adjective clause. Kita bisa memperpendek kalimat dengan adjective clause.
Adapun aturannya adalah
·       Hapus kata who, that, which
·     Jika kalimat itu adalah kalimat aktif maka ubah kata kerja menjadi v-ing dan jika kalimat tersebut kalimat pasif maka ubah kata kerja menjadi -ed
Contoh
The man who called me last night came to my house this morning. (‘called’ bermakna aktif)
Reduced adjective clause: The man calling me last night came to my house this morning.

The man who was called by me last night came to my house this morning. (‘was called’ bermakna passive)
Reduced adjective clause: The man called by me last night came to my house this morning.

·       Jika tidak terdapat kata kerja maka hapus who, that dan which dan bubuhkan dua koma.
Contoh:
Andy, who was my best friend, came to my house this morning. (Perhatikan setelah kata who tidak terdapat kata kerja)
Reduced adjective clause: Andy, my best friend, came to my house this morning.

BJ Habibie, who was a former Indonesian president, passed away few months ago.
Reduced adjective clause: BJ Habibie, a former Indonesian President, passed away few months ago.


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